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1884 Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville

Pictures of the 1884 Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville


1884 Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville
1884 Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville


Description

In 1883, Frenchman Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville and his assistant, Leon Malandin, designed and built an automobile with a gas powered engine. Due to problems with the gas lines, they redesigned the engine to run on fuel oil using a wick carburetor. In early February, 1884, Delamare-Deboutteville drove his car on the road from Fontaine-le Bourg to Cailly, Normandy. A few days later, on February 12, 1884, he registered his design under patent number 160267. The 4-wheel car had a front bench seat and a rear platform, 8.1 liter single-cylinder four-stroke internal combustion engine powered by gas oil, and chain drive to the rear wheels.

There are those who would deny the Delamare-Deboutteville the claim as "First Automobile" because the car never went into production and most of the very few cars built malfunctioned, some even exploding.

Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville was much more focused on designing equipment to moderize the family's cotton factory. From this experience, he developed large engines up to 7,000 hp (5,200 kW), which he presented at the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1900 where he won the grand prize.

The life of Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville was filled with research and travel. He wrote a few treaties of mussel culture, three volumes of a Sanskrit grammar, he created in Carantec in the Bay of Morlaix and in the Aber Benoît (Finistère) an oyster farm which still exists, and left a collection of birds and some philosophical studies. He died at the age of 45.

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