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n ancient times, the term "chariot" referred to two-wheel vehicles used for war, racing, and ceremony. After 1650, the name was applied to elegant half-coaches, cut in two just in front of the door, characterized by an elevated body and high wheels. Lighter and less expensive than full coaches, chariots were popular luxury vehicles in the 18th and 19th centuries. First found in America about 1700, the chariot was used only by persons of high rank or considerable wealth.
This chariot was constructed by William Ross, coachmaker of 208 Broadway in New York City. The carriage was built for Angelica Bratt Campbell who was the wife of Daniel Campbell, an Irish immigrant who made a vast fortune as a trader and merchant in America.